Published mindfulness research

We make significant contributions to peer-reviewed mindfulness and compassion literature, publishing findings of our studies so that our research can make a difference beyond the Sussex Mindfulness Centre.

In this section, you can find some of our published research. See the left navigation for recently completed studies. You can also see links to our peer-reviewed journal articles, and contributions to books below.

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Gray, C., Jones, F., Agostinis, A., & Morris, J. (2024). Experience of compassion-based practice in mindfulness for health for individuals with persistent pain. British Journal of Pain,

Miles, E., Matcham, F., Strauss, C. et al. Making Mindfulness Meditation a Healthy HabitMindfulness 14, 2988–3005 (2023).

Roberts, A., de Visser, R., Rosten, C., Startup, H., & Strauss, C. (2023). Does trait mindfulness mediate the relationship between borderline personality symptoms and emotion dysregulation?. 

Strauss, C. Bibby-Jones, A-M. Jones, F. Byford, S. Heslin, M. Parry, G. Barkham, M. Lea, L. Crane, R. de Visser, R. Arbon, A. Rosten, C. Cavanagh, K. (2023). Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Supported Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Self-help Compared With Supported Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Self-Help for Adults Experiencing Depression. JAMA Psychiatry.

Marx, R., Menzies, P. Symon, R. Turner, S. & Pound, A. (2023). MBCT training in IAPT: the experience of the first UK government funded teacher training programme. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 16, e8, DOI:

Hales, M. &, Marx, R. (2022). Mindfulness and the Wisdom of Advocates – Journeys in the Landscape of Health Care. OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine 7(2):14; doi:10.21926/obm.icm.2202019.  

Marx, R. (2022). Kindness and Compassion Practice. Mindfulness. DOI. 10.1007/s12671-022-01839-1

Jones, A-M. Strauss, C. Hayward, M. (2021). A service evaluation of a group mindfulness-based intervention for distressing voices: how do findings from a randomized controlled trial compare with routine clinical practice? Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 49, 76–90. 

Louise, S. Fitzpatrick, M. Strauss, C. Rossell, SL. Thomas, N. (2017) Mindfulness – and acceptance – based interventions for psychosis: Our current understanding and a meta analysis. Schizophrenia Research 

Gammer, I., Hartley-Jones, C., & Jones, F.W. (2020). A randomized controlled trial of an online, compassion-based intervention for maternal psychological well-being in the first year postpartum. Mindfulness, 11, 928-939.

Strauss, C., Arbon, A., Barkham, M., Byford, S., Crane, R., de Visser, R., Heslin, M., Jones, A.-M. Jones, F., Lea, L., Parry, G., Rosten, C., & Cavanagh, K. (2020). Low-Intensity Guided Help Through Mindfulness (LIGHTMIND): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial comparing supported mindfulness-based cognitive therapy self-help to supported cognitive behavioural therapy self-help for adults experiencing depression. Trials 21, 374.

Bolt, O. C., Jones, F. W., Rudaz, M., Ledermann, T., & Irons, C. (2019). Self-compassion and compassion towards one’s partner mediate the negative association between insecure attachment and relationship quality. Journal of Relationships Research, 10, e20.

Leeuwerik, T., Cavanagh, K. & Strauss, C. (2019) The association of trait mindfulness and self‑compassion with obsessive‑compulsive disorder symptoms: results from a large survey with treatment‑seeking adults. Cognitive Therapy and Research. ISSN 0147-5916

Baer, R., Gu, J., Cavanagh, K. & Strauss, C. (2019) Differential sensitivity of mindfulness questionnaires to change with treatment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychological Assessment. ISSN 1040-3590

Gu, J., Baer, R., Cavanagh, K., Kuyken, W. & Strauss, C. (2019) Development and psychometric properties of the Sussex-Oxford compassion scales (SOCS). Assessment. ISSN 1073-1911

Marx, R. (2019). Navigating Dilemmas in Training People to Deliver Non-Eight-Week Adapted Mindfulness-Based Interventions. Mindfulness, 10, 7, 1217-1221.

Marx, R. and Burroughes L. (2019). An Evaluation of a New Programme Training Mindfulness Teachers to Deliver Non-Eight Week Adapted Mindfulness-Based Interventions. OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine, 4 (1): 19. doi:10.21926/obm.icm.1901009.

Tickell, A, Ball, S. Bernard, P. Kuyken, W., Marx, R. Pack, S., Strauss, C., Sweeney, T. & Crane, C. (2019). The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) in Real-World Healthcare Services. Mindfulness. DOI: 10.1007/s12671-018-1087-9.

Cormack, D., Jones, F. W., & Maltby, M. (2018). A “collective effort to make yourself feel better”: The group process in mindfulness-based interventions. Qualitative Health Research, 28, 3-15.

Strauss, C., Lea, L., Hayward, M., Forrester, E., Leeuwerik, T., Jones, A. M., & Rosten, C. (2018). Mindfulness-based exposure and response prevention for obsessive compulsive disorder: Findings from a pilot randomised controlled trial. Journal of Anxiety. doi 10.1016/j.janxdis.2018.04.007

Strauss, C., Gu, J., Pitman, N., Chapman, C., Kuyken, W. & Whittington, A. (2018). Evaluation of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Life and a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Stress-Management Workshop to Improve Healthcare Staff Stress: Study protocol two randomized controlled trials. Trials. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2547-1.

Louise, S., Fitzpatrick, M., Strauss, C., Rossell, S. & Thomas, N. (2018). Mindfulness- and Acceptance-Based Interventions for Psychosis: Our Current Understanding and a Meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Research, 192:57-63. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2017.05.023

McHale, C., Hayward, M., & Jones, F. W. (2018). Building a grounded theory of engagement in mindfulness-based group therapy for distressing voices. Qualitative Health Research, 28(14), 2169–2182.

Gu, J., Cavanagh, K. & Strauss, C. (2017). Investigating the Specific Effects of an Online Mindfulness-Based Self-Help Intervention on Stress and Underlying Mechanisms of Change. Mindfulness, 1-13

Cavanagh, K., Churchard, A., O’Hanlon, P., Mundy, T., Votolato, P., Jones, F., Gu, J. & Strauss, C. (2017). A randomised controlled trial of a brief online mindfulness-based intervention in a non-clinical population: Replication and extension. Mindfulness.

Banerjee, M., Cavanagh, K. & Strauss, C. (2017). Barriers to Mindfulness: A path analytic model exploring the role of rumination and worry in predicting psychological and physical engagement in an online mindfulness-based intervention. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-017-0837-4

Shore, R., Strauss, C., Cavanagh, K., Hayward, M. & Ellett, L. (2017). A randomised controlled trial of a brief online mindfulness-based intervention on paranoia in a non-clinical sample. Mindfulness, doi: 10.1007/s12671-017-0774-2

Gu, J., Karl, A., Baer, R., Strauss, C., Barnhofer, T. & Crane, C. (2017). Latent Profile Analysis of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in a Clinical Sample. Assessment, doi: 10.1177/1073191117715114

Banerjee, M., Cavanagh, C. & *Strauss, C. (2017). A qualitative study with Healthcare Staff Exploring the Facilitators and Barriers to Engaging in a Self-help Mindfulness-Based Intervention. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-017-0740-z

Marx, R. (2017). Stress-reduction or stress-immersion: Mindfulness practice and the full catastrophe of working in the NHS.  Journal of Holistic Healthcare, 14, 3, 37-41.  

Gu J., Cavanagh K., Baer R., Strauss C. (2017) An empirical examination of the factor structure of compassion. PLoS ONE 12(2): e0172471. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0172471

Marx, R., & Jones, F. (2017). The path of mindfulness: an NHS case example. Best Practice Healthcare Counselling and Psychotherapy Journal, April 2017, 18-21. ISSN 1475-0724.

Strauss, C., Lever Taylor, B., Gu, J., Kuyken, W., Baer, R., Jones, F. & Cavanagh, K. (2016). What is Compassion and How Can We Measure it? A Review of Definitions and Measures. Clinical Psychology Review, 47, 15-27. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2016.05.004

Lever Taylor, B., Cavanagh, K. & Strauss, C. (2016). The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Interventions in the Perinatal Period: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. PLOS ONE 11(5): e0155720. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155720 

Chadwick, P., Strauss, C., Jones, A. M., Kingdon, D., Ellett, L., Dannahy, L. & Hayward, M. (2016). Group mindfulness-based intervention for distressing voices: A pragmatic randomised controlled Trial. Schizophrenia Research.

Gu, J., Strauss, C., Crane, C., Barnhofer, T., Karl, A., Cavanagh, K., & Kuyken, W. (2016). Examining the Factor Structure of the 39-Item and 15-Item Versions of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire Before and After Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for People With Recurrent Depression. Psychological Assessment. http://

Williams, C., Meeten, F. & Whiting, S. (2016) ‘I had a sort of epiphany!’ An exploratory study of group mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for older people with depression. Aging and Mental Health, Nov, 1-10, 

Strauss, C., O’Neill, B. & Cavanagh, K. (2015). The role of mindfulness in health (Chapter 2). In Mindful Nation: Report by the Mindfulness All-Party Parliamentary Group. London: Mindfulness All-Party Parliamentary Group

Strauss, C., Thomas, N., & Hayward, M. (2015). Can we respond mindfully to distressing voices? A systematic review of the evidence. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1154 .

Mersh, L., Jones, F. W., & Oliver, J. (2015). Mindfulness, self-stigma and social functioning in first episode psychosis: a brief report. Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches, 7, 261-264

Strauss, C. Rosten, C., Hayward, M., Lea, L., Forrester, E. & Jones A. M. (2015). Mindfulness-Based Exposure and Response Prevention for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial. Trials, 16, 167

Smith, E., Jones, F. W., Holttum, S., & Griffiths, K. (2015). The process of engaging in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy as a partnership: a grounded theory study. Mindfulness, 6, 455-466.

Gu, J., Strauss, C. Bond, R. & Cavanagh. K. (2015). How do Mindfulness-Based Interventions Improve Mental Health and Wellbeing? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Mediation Studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 37, 1-12  

Strauss, C., Luke, G., Hayward, M. & Jones, F. (2014). Can brief mindfulness practice be of benefit? Evidence from an evaluation of group person-based cognitive therapy for depression. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 7, E19. doi:10.1017/S1754470X14000312

Cavanagh, K., Strauss, C., Forder, L. & Jones, F. (2014). Can mindfulness and acceptance be learnt by self-help? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness and acceptability of mindfulness and acceptance based self-help interventions. Clinical Psychology Review, 34, 118-129. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2014.01.001  

Lever Taylor, B., Strauss, C., Cavanagh, K. & Jones, F. (2014). The effectiveness of self-help mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in a student sample: A randomised controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 63, 63-6

Marx, R. (2014).  Accessibility versus integrity in secular mindfulness:  a Buddhist commentary.  Mindfulness, DOI: 10.1007/s12671-014-0366-3 .

Marx, R., Strauss, C., Williamson, C., Karunavira & Taravajra (2014). The eye of the storm: a feasibility study of an adapted Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) group intervention to manage NHS staff stress. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 7, e18 doi:10.1017/S1754470X14000300  

May, K., Strauss, C., Coyle, A. & Hayward, M. (2014). Person-based cognitive therapy for distressing voices: a thematic analysis of participant experiences of the therapy. Psychosis, 6, 16-26. doi: 10.1080/17522439.2012.7087

Meeten, F. Whiting, S. & Williams, C. (2015). An exploratory study of group mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for older people with depression. Mindfulness, doi.10,1007/s12671-014-0279-1

Strauss, C., Cavanagh, K., Oliver, A. & Pettman, D. (2014). Mindfulness-based interventions for people diagnosed with a current episode of an anxiety or depressive disorder: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PLOS ONE, 9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096

Cavanagh, K., Strauss, C., Cicconi, F., Griffiths, N., Wyper, A. & Jones, F. (2013). A randomised controlled trial of a brief online mindfulness-based intervention. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 51, 573-578. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2013.06.003

Hale, L., Strauss, C., & Lever Taylor, B. (2013). The effectiveness and acceptability of mindfulness-based therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder: A review of the literature. Mindfulness, 4, 375-382.

Marx, R., Strauss, C. & Williamson, C. (2013). Mindfulness apprenticeship: a new model of NHS-based MBCT teacher-training. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-013-0254-2  

Boellinghaus, Inga A., Jones, F. W. and Hutton, J. (2013) Cultivating self-care and compassion in psychological therapists in training: the experience of practicing loving-kindness meditation. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 7(4):267.

Strauss, C. Hayward, M. & Chadwick, P. (2012). Group person-based cognitive therapy for chronic depression: A pilot randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 51, 345-350. doi:10.1111/j.20448260.2012.02036.x  

Marx, R and Marx, S. (2012). The eye and the I: the construction and use of the observer in Cognitive-analytic therapy and mindfulness-based therapy.  British Journal of Psychotherapy, 28, 4, 496-515.  DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-0118.2012.01308.x.

Boellinghaus, Inga A., Jones, F. W. and Hutton, J. (2012). The role of mindfulness and loving-kindness meditation in cultivating self-compassion and other-focused concern in health care professionals. Mindfulness, 5(2).

Dannahy, L., Hayward, M., Strauss, C., Turton, W., Harding, E., & Chadwick, P. (2011). Group person-based cognitive therapy for distressing voices: Pilot data from nine groups. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 42, 111–6

Langdon, S., Jones, F. W., Hutton, J. and Holttum, S. (2011) A grounded-theory study of mindfulness practice following mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. Mindfulness, 2 (4). pp. 270-281. ISSN 1868-8527

Books and chapters

Jones, F. W., Strauss, C. & Cavanagh, K. (2016). Self-help mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. In S. J. Eisendrath (ed). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy: Innovative Application. Switzerland: Springer International

Hayward, M., Ellett, L. & Strauss, C. (2015). Person-based cognitive therapy for psychosis. Integrating a mindfulness-based approach with cognitive therapy (pp. 150-169). In B. A. Gaudiano (ed.) Incorporating Acceptance and Mindfulness into the Treatment of Psychosis: Current Trends and Future Directions. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Oliver, J., McGuinness, H, Hayward, M. & Strauss, C. (2013). Service User Experience of ACT and PBCT. In L. Johns, E. Morris, & J. Oliver (eds). ACT and Mindfulness for Psychosis. Wiley-Blackwell: London

Strauss, C. (2014). What have we learnt about mindfulness-based interventions and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for distressing voices? In M. Hayward, C. Strauss & S. McCarthy-Jones (eds). Psychological approaches to understanding and treating auditory hallucinations: From theory to therapy. Hove, UK: Routledge

Strauss, C. & Hayward, M. (2013). Group Person-based Cognitive Therapy for Distressing Psychosis. In L. Johns, E. Morris, & J. Oliver (eds). ACT and Mindfulness for Psychosis. Wiley-Blackwell: London