Published mindfulness research

We make significant contributions to peer-reviewed mindfulness and compassion literature, publishing findings of our studies so that our research can make a difference beyond the Sussex Mindfulness Centre.

You can see some of our peer-reviewed journal articles and contributions to books listed below.

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Roberts, A., de Visser, R., Rosten, C., Startup, H., & Strauss, C. (2023). Does trait mindfulness mediate the relationship between borderline personality symptoms and emotion dysregulation?. 

Strauss, C. Bibby-Jones, A-M. Jones, F. Byford, S. Heslin, M. Parry, G. Barkham, M. Lea, L. Crane, R. de Visser, R. Arbon, A. Rosten, C. Cavanagh, K. (2023). Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Supported Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Self-help Compared With Supported Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Self-Help for Adults Experiencing Depression. JAMA Psychiatry. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2023.0222

Marx, R., Menzies, P. Symon, R. Turner, S. & Pound, A. (2023). MBCT training in IAPT: the experience of the first UK government funded teacher training programme. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 16, e8, DOI:

Hales, M. &, Marx, R. (2022). Mindfulness and the Wisdom of Advocates – Journeys in the Landscape of Health Care. OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine 7(2):14; doi:10.21926/obm.icm.2202019.

Marx, R. (2022). Kindness and Compassion Practice. Mindfulness. DOI. 10.1007/s12671-022-01839-1

Jones, A-M. Strauss, C. Hayward, M. (2021). A service evaluation of a group mindfulness-based intervention for distressing voices: how do findings from a randomized controlled trial compare with routine clinical practice? Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 49, 76–90. 

Louise, S. Fitzpatrick, M. Strauss, C. Rossell, SL. Thomas, N. (2017) Mindfulness – and acceptance – based interventions for psychosis: Our current understanding and a metaanalysis. Schizophrenia Research 

Gammer, I., Hartley-Jones, C., & Jones, F.W. (2020). A randomized controlled trial of an online, compassion-based intervention for maternal psychological well-being in the first year postpartum. Mindfulness, 11, 928-939.

Strauss, C., Arbon, A., Barkham, M., Byford, S., Crane, R., de Visser, R., Heslin, M., Jones, A.-M. Jones, F., Lea, L., Parry, G., Rosten, C., & Cavanagh, K. (2020). Low-Intensity Guided Help Through Mindfulness (LIGHTMIND): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial comparing supported mindfulness-based cognitive therapy self-help to supported cognitive behavioural therapy self-help for adults experiencing depression. Trials 21, 374.

Bolt, O. C., Jones, F. W., Rudaz, M., Ledermann, T., & Irons, C. (2019). Self-compassion and compassion towards one’s partner mediate the negative association between insecure attachment and relationship quality.Journal of Relationships Research, 10, e20.

Leeuwerik, T., Cavanagh, K. & Strauss, C. (2019) The association of trait mindfulness and self‑compassion with obsessive‑compulsive disorder symptoms: results from a large survey with treatment‑seeking adults. Cognitive Therapy and Research. ISSN 0147-5916

Baer, R., Gu, J., Cavanagh, K. & Strauss, C. (2019) Differential sensitivity of mindfulness questionnaires to change with treatment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychological Assessment. ISSN 1040-3590

Gu, J., Baer, R., Cavanagh, K., Kuyken, W. & Strauss, C. (2019) Development and psychometric properties of the Sussex-Oxford compassion scales (SOCS). Assessment. ISSN 1073-1911

Marx, R. (2019). Navigating Dilemmas in Training People to Deliver Non-Eight-Week Adapted Mindfulness-Based Interventions. Mindfulness, 10, 7, 1217-1221.

Marx, R. and Burroughes L. (2019). An Evaluation of a New Programme Training Mindfulness Teachers to Deliver Non-Eight Week Adapted Mindfulness-Based Interventions. OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine, 4 (1): 19. doi:10.21926/obm.icm.1901009.

Tickell, A, Ball, S. Bernard, P. Kuyken, W., Marx, R. Pack, S., Strauss, C., Sweeney, T. & Crane, C. (2019). The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) in Real-World Healthcare Services. Mindfulness. DOI: 10.1007/s12671-018-1087-9.

Cormack, D., Jones, F. W., & Maltby, M. (2018). A “collective effort to make yourself feel better”: The group process in mindfulness-based interventions. Qualitative Health Research, 28, 3-15.

Strauss, C., Lea, L., Hayward, M., Forrester, E., Leeuwerik, T., Jones, A. M., & Rosten, C. (2018). Mindfulness-based exposure and response prevention for obsessive compulsive disorder: Findings from a pilot randomised controlled trial. Journal of Anxiety. doi 10.1016/j.janxdis.2018.04.007

Strauss, C., Gu, J., Pitman, N., Chapman, C., Kuyken, W. & Whittington, A. (2018). Evaluation of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Life and a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Stress-Management Workshop to Improve Healthcare Staff Stress: Study protocol two randomized controlled trials. Trials. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2547-1.

Louise, S., Fitzpatrick, M., Strauss, C., Rossell, S. & Thomas, N. (2018). Mindfulness- and Acceptance-Based Interventions for Psychosis: Our Current Understanding and a Meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Research, 192:57-63. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2017.05.023

McHale, C., Hayward, M., Jones, FW., (2018) Building a grounded theory of engagement in mindfulness-based group therapy for distressing voices 

Gu, J., Cavanagh, K. & Strauss, C. (2017). Investigating the Specific Effects of an Online Mindfulness-Based Self-Help Intervention on Stress and Underlying Mechanisms of Change. Mindfulness, 1-13

Cavanagh, K., Churchard, A., O’Hanlon, P., Mundy, T., Votolato, P., Jones, F., Gu, J. & Strauss, C. (2017). A randomised controlled trial of a brief online mindfulness-based intervention in a non-clinical population: Replication and extension. Mindfulness.

Banerjee, M., Cavanagh, K. & Strauss, C. (2017). Barriers to Mindfulness: A path analytic model exploring the role of rumination and worry in predicting psychological and physical engagement in an online mindfulness-based intervention. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-017-0837-4

Shore, R., Strauss, C., Cavanagh, K., Hayward, M. & Ellett, L. (2017). A randomised controlled trial of a brief online mindfulness-based intervention on paranoia in a non-clinical sample. Mindfulness, doi: 10.1007/s12671-017-0774-2

Gu, J., Karl, A., Baer, R., Strauss, C., Barnhofer, T. & Crane, C. (2017). Latent Profile Analysis of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in a Clinical Sample. Assessment, doi: 10.1177/1073191117715114

Banerjee, M., Cavanagh, C. & *Strauss, C. (2017). A qualitative study with Healthcare Staff Exploring the Facilitators and Barriers to Engaging in a Self-help Mindfulness-Based Intervention. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-017-0740-z

Marx, R. (2017). Stress-reduction or stress-immersion: Mindfulness practice and the full catastrophe of working in the NHS.  Journal of Holistic Healthcare, 14, 3, 37-41.   /don’t sweat the small stuff final published.pdf

Gu J., Cavanagh K., Baer R., Strauss C. (2017) An empirical examination of the factor structure of compassion. PLoS ONE 12(2): e0172471. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0172471

Marx, R., & Jones, F. (2017). The path of mindfulness: an NHS case example. Best Practice Healthcare Counselling and Psychotherapy Journal, April 2017, 18-21. ISSN 1475-0724. link here/assets/documents/Marx and Jones final Apr 17.pdf

Strauss, C., Lever Taylor, B., Gu, J., Kuyken, W., Baer, R., Jones, F. & Cavanagh, K. (2016). What is Compassion and How Can We Measure it? A Review of Definitions and Measures. Clinical Psychology Review, 47, 15-27. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2016.05.004

Lever Taylor, B., Cavanagh, K. & Strauss, C. (2016). The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Interventions in the Perinatal Period: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. PLOS ONE 11(5): e0155720. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155720 

Chadwick, P., Strauss, C., Jones, A. M., Kingdon, D., Ellett, L., Dannahy, L. & Hayward, M. (2016). Group mindfulness-based intervention for distressing voices: A pragmatic randomised controlled Trial. Schizophrenia Research.

Gu, J., Strauss, C., Crane, C., Barnhofer, T., Karl, A., Cavanagh, K., & Kuyken, W. (2016). Examining the Factor Structure of the 39-Item and 15-Item Versions of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire Before and After Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for People With Recurrent Depression. Psychological Assessment. http://

Williams, C., Meeten, F. & Whiting, S. (2016) ‘I had a sort of epiphany!’ An exploratory study of group mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for older people with depression Aging and Mental Health, Nov, 1-10, 

Strauss, C., O’Neill, B. & Cavanagh, K. (2015). The role of mindfulness in health (Chapter 2). In Mindful Nation: Report by the Mindfulness All-Party Parliamentary Group. London: Mindfulness All-Party Parliamentary Group

Strauss, C., Thomas, N., & Hayward, M. (2015). Can we respond mindfully to distressing voices? A systematic review of the evidence. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1154 .

Mersh, L., Jones, F. W., & Oliver, J. (2015). Mindfulness, self-stigma and social functioning in first episode psychosis: a brief report. Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches, 7, 261-264

Strauss, C. Rosten, C., Hayward, M., Lea, L., Forrester, E. & Jones A. M. (2015). Mindfulness-Based Exposure and Response Prevention for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial. Trials, 16, 167

Smith, E., Jones, F. W., Holttum, S., & Griffiths, K. (2015). The process of engaging in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy as a partnership: a grounded theory study. Mindfulness, 6, 455-466.

Gu, J., Strauss, C. Bond, R. & Cavanagh. K. (2015). How do Mindfulness-Based Interventions Improve Mental Health and Wellbeing? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Mediation Studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 37, 1-12  

Strauss, C., Luke, G., Hayward, M. & Jones, F. (2014). Can brief mindfulness practice be of benefit? Evidence from an evaluation of group person-based cognitive therapy for depression. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 7, e19,

Cavanagh, K., Strauss, C., Forder, L. & Jones, F. (2014). Can mindfulness and acceptance be learnt by self-help? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness and acceptability of mindfulness and acceptance based self-help interventions. Clinical Psychology Review, 34, 118-129. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2014.01.001  

Lever Taylor, B., Strauss, C., Cavanagh, K. & Jones, F. (2014). The effectiveness of self-help mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in a student sample: A randomised controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 63, 63-6

Marx, R. (2014).  Accessibility versus integrity in secular mindfulness:  a Buddhist commentary.  Mindfulness, DOI: 10.1007/s12671-014-0366-3 .

Marx, R., Strauss, C., Williamson, C., Karunavira & Taravajra (2014). The eye of the storm: a feasibility study of an adapted Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) group intervention to manage NHS staff stress. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 7, e18 doi:10.1017/S1754470X14000300  

May, K., Strauss, C., Coyle, A. & Hayward, M. (2014). Person-based cognitive therapy for distressing voices: a thematic analysis of participant experiences of the therapy. Psychosis, 6, 16-26. doi: 10.1080/17522439.2012.7087

Meeten, F. Whiting, S. & Williams, C. (2014). An exploratory study of group mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for older people with depression. Mindfulness, doi.10,1007/s12671-014-0279-1

Strauss, C., Cavanagh, K., Oliver, A. & Pettman, D. (2014). Mindfulness-based interventions for people diagnosed with a current episode of an anxiety or depressive disorder: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PLOS ONE, 9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096

Cavanagh, K., Strauss, C., Cicconi, F., Griffiths, N., Wyper, A. & Jones, F. (2013). A randomised controlled trial of a brief online mindfulness-based intervention. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 51, 573-578. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2013.06.003

Hale, L., Strauss, C., & Lever Taylor, B. (2013). The effectiveness and acceptability of mindfulness-based therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder: A review of the literature. Mindfulness, 4, 375-382. doi: 10.1007/s12671-012-0137-

Marx, R., Strauss, C. & Williamson, C. (2013). Mindfulness apprenticeship: a new model of NHS-based MBCT teacher-training. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-013-0254-2  

Boellinghaus, Inga A., Jones, F. W. and Hutton, J. (2013) Cultivating self-care and compassion in psychological therapists in training: the experience of practicing loving-kindness meditation. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 2013 (July 8). ISSN 1931-3918 .

Strauss, C. Hayward, M. & Chadwick, P. (2012). Group person-based cognitive therapy for chronic depression: A pilot randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 51, 345-350. doi:10.1111/j.20448260.2012.02036.x  

Marx, R and Marx, S. (2012). The eye and the I: the construction and use of the observer in Cognitive-analytic therapy and mindfulness-based therapy.  British Journal of Psychotherapy, 28, 4, 496-515.  DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-0118.2012.01308.x.

Boellinghaus, Inga A., Jones, F. W. and Hutton, J. (2012) The role of mindfulness and loving-kindness meditation in cultivating self-compassion and other-focused concern in health care professionals. Mindfulness, 2012 (Oct.). ISSN 1868-8527 .

Dannahy, L., Hayward, M., Strauss, C., Turton, W., Harding, E., & Chadwick, P. (2011). Group person-based cognitive therapy for distressing voices: Pilot data from nine groups. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 42, 111–6

Langdon, S., Jones, F. W., Hutton, J. and Holttum, S. (2011) A grounded-theory study of mindfulness practice following mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. Mindfulness, 2 (4). pp. 270-281. ISSN 1868-8527

Books and chapters

Jones, F. W., Strauss, C. & Cavanagh, K. (2016). Self-help mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. In S. J. Eisendrath (ed). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy: Innovative Application. Switzerland: Springer International

Hayward, M., Ellett, L. & Strauss, C. (2015). Person-based cognitive therapy for psychosis. Integrating a mindfulness-based approach with cognitive therapy (pp. 150-169). In B. A. Gaudiano (ed.) Incorporating Acceptance and Mindfulness into the Treatment of Psychosis: Current Trends and Future Directions. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Oliver, J., McGuinness, H, Hayward, M. & Strauss, C. (2013). Service User Experience of ACT and PBCT. In L. Johns, E. Morris, & J. Oliver (eds). ACT and Mindfulness for Psychosis. Wiley-Blackwell: London

Strauss, C. (2014). What have we learnt about mindfulness-based interventions and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for distressing voices? In M. Hayward, C. Strauss & S. McCarthy-Jones (eds). Psychological approaches to understanding and treating auditory hallucinations: From theory to therapy. Hove, UK: Routledge

Strauss, C. & Hayward, M. (2013). Group Person-based Cognitive Therapy for Distressing Psychosis. In L. Johns, E. Morris, & J. Oliver (eds). ACT and Mindfulness for Psychosis. Wiley-Blackwell: London